information provided by the Illinois Department of Public Health
SPRINGFIELD, Ill. (November 21, 2018) – The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates 48 million people a year get sick from a foodborne illness, 128,000 are hospitalized, and 3,000 die.
Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) Director Nirav D. Shah, M.D., J.D., says a few simple precautions can help protect people from an unhappy holiday. The four food safety steps are:
- Clean – wash hands, cutting boards, dishes, utensils, and countertops before and after preparing each food item.
- Separate – keep raw eggs, meat, poultry, seafood, and their juices away from foods that will not be cooked.
- Cook – use a food thermometer to make sure meat, poultry, and fish are fully cooked. Color is not a reliable indicator of doneness. Cook turkey to an internal temperature of 165 degrees F.
- Chill – divide leftovers into shallow containers and refrigerate them within two hours. Use leftovers within three to four days.
When perishable food sits at room temperature, it is resting in a temperature range where bacteria love to multiply. This range, between 40-140°F, is known as the ‘danger zone.’ A good rule of thumb is, make sure hot foods are hot (above 140 degrees F) and cold foods are cold (below 40 degrees F). If foods have been left out at room temperature for more than two hours, they should be discarded.
Safety precautions remain important this year, as the CDC continues to investigate two multistate outbreaks of salmonella associated with poultry products. One is linked to raw turkey products and includes 164 cases in 35 states. Sixteen cases are reported among Illinois residents. Another involves multidrug-resistant salmonella infections tied to raw chicken products and includes 92 people in 29 states. Five cases are reported among Illinois residents.
Always handle raw poultry carefully and cook it thoroughly to prevent food poisoning. These outbreaks are a reminder that raw poultry can have germs that spread around food preparation areas. As you prepare holiday meals this year, be sure to follow these turkey-specific recommendations:
- Do not thaw at room temperature – thaw your turkey in the refrigerator, in a sink of cold water that is changed every 30 minutes, or in the microwave. Never thaw your turkey by leaving it out on the counter. Allow approximately 24 hours for each four to five pounds of turkey when thawed in the refrigerator.
- Do not rinse or wash your turkey – doing so can spread bacteria around the kitchen, contaminating countertops, towels, and other food.
Typical symptoms of foodborne illness include vomiting, diarrhea, and flu-like symptoms, which can start anywhere from hours to days after consuming contaminated food or drinks. Symptoms can last anywhere from a few hours to a few days. Those at risk of more severe and even life-threatening foodborne illness include older adults, infants, young children, pregnant women, and people with weakened immune systems. If you become ill, especially with severe symptoms, or if you are at risk for more severe disease, seek care from a medical provider to ensure a proper diagnosis and appropriate management.
More information on Food Safety During The Holidays can be found on the IDPH website.